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商务英语中常见的否定表示法及翻译技巧

来源:中华考试网   2020-06-30【

  1、QIANYAN

  SHANGWUYINGYUFANYIZHONG,YINGYUDEFOUDINGJIEGOUBIJIAOFUZA,ZHEIJIUJIFANYIGONGZUODAILAILEYIXIEKUNNAN。BENWENSHITUCONGFENFANFUZADEYINGYUFOUDINGBIAODAFANGSHIRUSHOU,DUISHANGWUYINGYUZHONGGEZHONGFOUDINGXINGSHIDEHANYIJIQIAOJIAYICHANSHU。ZAISHIJICAOZUOSHIKEYIBASHANGWUYINGYUDEFOUDINGXINGSHIYICHENGHANYUDEFOUDINGXINGSHI,DANYINGHANLIANGZHONGYUYANZAIBIAODAFOUDINGGAINIANSHISUOSHIYONGDECIHUISHOUDUAN,YUFASHOUDUAN,SHENZHIYUYANLUOJIDENGFANGMIANDOUYOUCHAYI。YINCI,ZAISHANGWUYINGYUFOUDINGJUHANYISHI,BIXUXIANNONGQINGCHUSHANGWUYINGYUZAIBIAODATONGYANGDEFOUDINGYIYISHISHIFOUYUHANYUDEBIAODAXINGSHIXIANGTONG,RANHOUZAICAIYONGSHIDANGDEFANYIJIQIAOJINXINGFANYI。

  2、SHANGWUYINGYUZHONGCHANGJIANDEFOUDINGBIAOSHIFAJIFANYIJIQIAO

  SHANGWUYINGYULIDEFOUDINGXINGSHIYOUHENDUOZHONG,ZAIYINGHANFANYIZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIANQIEBUTAIHAOCHULIDEXINGSHIDAZHIYOUYIXIAWULEI:BUFENFOUDING,QUANBUFOUDING,SHUANGZHONGFOUDING,ZHUANYIFOUDINGHEQITAXINGSHIDEFOUDING。

  2.1 BUFENFOUDING(partial negation)DANGYINGYUZHONGDEFOUDINGJUZHONGYOU both,all,every JI everyDEHECHENGCI(RU:everything,everyone)SHI,ZHEIZHONGJIEGOUDETEDIANSHI,WULUNTAZAIYINGYUJUZIZHONGZUOSHENMEYANGDECHENGFEN,ZHIYAOTAYU not GOUCHENGXINGSHIHUOLUOJISHANGDEYIGEZHENGTISHI,SUOBIAODADEJIBENYIYIDOUSHIBUFENFOUDING。ZHEIZHONGJIEGOU,ZAIJUZIZHONGYIBANKEYIZUOZHUYUHEBINYU。GAIJIEGOUYINGGAIFANYIWEI“BUSHIQUANBU,BUSHIMEIGEDOU……”。JINFANGBATAMENFANYICHENGQUANBUFOUDING。BUFENFOUDINGZHUYAOYOUYIXIASANZHONGQINGKUANG:

  2.1.1 not KEFANGYUBEIFOUDINGCIDEQIANMIANZUOZHUYU,GOUCHENGJUXINGnot + both/all/every JI every DE HE CHENG CI ( RU :

  everything/everyone)LI 1:Not both pictures are well painted ZHEILIANGFUHUABINGBUDOUHUADEHAO。

  LI 2:Not all the consumers like our products.

  BINGBUSHIWOMENDEXIAOFEIZHEDOUXIHUANWOMENDECHANPIN2.2.2 YEKEFANGZAIWEIYUBUFENLI,JIBA 2.1.1 ZHONGnotCONGFOUDINGZHUYUDEWEIZHISHANGFANGDAOWEIYUSHANGYUWEIYUYIQIGOUCHENGFOUDING。

  LI 3:All is not gold that glitters=All thatglitters is not gold FAGUANGDEDONGXIBINGFEIDOUSHIJINZI。

  LI 4:Both mutton and beef are not available forsupply.YANGROUHENIUROUBUSHIDOUYOUHUOKEGONG。

  2.2.3 both,all,every JI every DEHECHENGCI(RU:

  everything,everyone)ZUOBINYU,LI 5:I don’t understand all that you meanin your letter.NINXINZHONGBIAODADEYISIWOBUQUANMINGBAI.

  2.2 QUANBUFOUDINGYINGYUZHONGDEQUANBUFOUDING,FOUDINGDEDUIXIANGSHIWEIYU,QIHANYISHI“JUEWU,BU,WUFEI”DENG。YINGYUZHONGBIAOSHIQUANBUFOUDINGDECIYOU:

  no, not, none, no one, nobody, nothing, nowhere,never, nor, neither, neither...nor... HANYISHIYIBANMEIYOUQUBIE,ZHIXUBABIAOSHIFOUDINGDEBU,WUFEIDENGCIYUDONGCILIANYONG,GOUCHENGWEIYUDEFOUDINGJIKEDADAOQUANBUFOUDING。ZHEIZHONGFOUDINGXIANGDUIBIJIAORONGYI,FANYISHIYAOZHUYIYUBUFENFOUDINGBIJIAO。

  LI 6: Neither picture is well painted. ZHEILIANGFUHUAHUADEDOUBUHAO(QUANBUFOUDING)LI 7;Not both pictures are well painted ZHEILIANGFUHUABINGBUDOUHUADEHAO(BUFENFOUDING)2.3 SHUANGZHONGFOUDING(double negation)SHUANGZHONGFOUDINGJIEGOUSUOGOUCHENGDEJUXINGZHONGHANYOULIANGGEFOUDINGCI,QUEGOUCHENGKENDINGYUQI。SHANGWUYINGYUZHONGDESHUANGZHONGFOUDINGCHANGJIANDEYOUYI

  XIALIANGZHONGXINGSHI:

  2.3.1 not/never+HANFOUDINGCIZHUI(un-,in-,dis-non-)DECI,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGSHIYONGHANYUFANYISHI,ZUIHAOHAISHIBAOLIUFOUDINGDEYUQI,KEYICHENG“WU……, BU……”

  LI 8: The significance of holding such a sessionin China should not be underestimated.ZAIZHONGGUOZHAOKAIZHEICIHUIYI,YIYIBUKEDIGU。

  LI 9:It is not impossible for both of us to cometo terms and sign a contract today. WOMENSHUANGFANGZAIJINTIANDACHENGXIEYIBINGQIANHETONGBUSHIBUKENENGDE。

  2.3.2 never/not + without/but KEYIFANYICHENG“WU/MEIYOU…BU…”,DANHENDUOQINGKUANGXIAKEYICAIYONGFOUDINGZHIFOUDINGDENGYUKENDINGDEYONGFAYICHENG“MEI……BI/DOU……”。

  LI 10:They never come but they bring some newproducts. TAMENMEICILAIBIRAN(DOU)HUIDAISHANGXINCHANPINDE(TAMENLAIDESHIHOUMEIYOUYICIBUSHIDAIXINCHANPINDE)。

  LI 11: He never mentions the new product withoutpraising it. TAMEICITIDAOXINCHANPINDOUHUIZANBUJUEKOU。

  2.4 ZHUANYIFOUDING(Transferred Negation)ZAIYINGYUZHONG,BAFOUDINGCIHUOFOUDINGCHENGFENCONGQIYUANLAIYINGZAIDEWEIZHIZHUANYIZHIJUZIDEWEIYUDONGCIQIAN,ZHEIJIUSHI“ZHUANYIFOUDING”。ZHUYAOYOUYIXIASANZHONGQINGKUANG:

  2.4.1 YUANWENZHONGFOUDINGWEIYU,YIWENZHONGBIANCHENGFOUDINGBINYUCONGJUZHONGDEBINYU。DANGZHUJUDEWEIYUDONGCIWEI believe, think,suppose, imagine, expect, fancy DENGBIAOSHI“RENWEI,CAIXIANG”DEDONGCISHI,ZHUYUSHIDIYIRENCHENG“I”SHI,QIHOUBINYUCONGJUZHONGDEFOUDINGCI not YINGGAIYIZHIZHUJUZHONG,DANYISHIRENGFOUDINGCONGJU,ZHEILIWOMENBIXUTEBIEZHUYIDESHIYINGHANLIANGZHONGYUYANFOUDINGFANGFADECHABIE。

  LI 12:I don’t think it is wise for either ofus to insist on his own terms.。YICHENGHANYUSHI,BUNENGYICHENG“WOBURENWEINIWOSHUANGFANGGEZIJIANCHIZIJIDETIAOJIANSHIMINGZHIDE”,ZHINENGBAFOUDINGCI“BU”FANGZAIHOUMIANYICHENG“ WORENWEI,NIWOSHUANGFANGGEZIJIANCHIZIJIDETIAOJIANSHIBUMINGZHIDE”。TONGYANG,HANYU“WORENWEI,NIWOSHUANGFANGGEZIJIANCHIZIJIDETIAOJIANSHIBUMINGZHIDE”YICHENGYINGYUSHI,TONGCHANGXUJIANGFOUDINGCIZHUANYIDAOZHUJUQUYI,RUGUOANZHAOHANYUCIXUYI,JINGUANYEBUCUO,DANBURUQIANZHEDIDAO,YEBUHEHUXIGUAN,YUQIYEBURUQIANZHEHUANHE。

  2.4.2 YUANWENZHONGFOUDINGWEIYU,YIWENZHONGBIANCHENGFOUDINGZHUANGYU。

  LI 13:Rome was not built in a day. LUOMABUSHIYITIANJIANCHENGDE。(BUNENGYICHENG“LUOMAFEIJIANCHENGYITIAN”。)LI 14: Metals do not change their form as easilyas plastic bodies do.JINSHUBUXIANGSULIAOXINGWUTINEIYANGRONGYIGAIBIANXINGZHUANG。(BUNENGYICHENGJINSHUBUGAIBIANXINGZHUANG,XIANGSULIAOXINGWUTINEIYANG”

  LI 15: I don’t buy your product because itspacking is eye-catching. WOBINGBUSHIYINWEINIMENGONGSICHANPINDEBAOZHUANGYOURENRONGYICAIMAIDE。GAIJUBUNENGYIWEI“WOBUMAINIMENGONGSIDECHANPIN,YINWEINIMENGONGSIDECHANPINBAOZHUANGYOUREN。”YUFATEZHENGSUIRANSHIFOUDINGCIHEWEIYUZAIYIQI,ERFOUDINGFANWEIQUEBUZAIWEIYUCHENGFEN,ERSHIZHUANYIDAOHOUMIANDEYUANYINZHUANGYUSHANG,YIWEI“WOBUSHIYINWEINIMENGONGSIDECHANPINBAOZHUANGYOURENCAIMAINIMENGONGSIDECHANPINDE”。

  2.4.3 YUANWENZHONGFOUDINGZHUYU,YICHENGHANYUBIANCHENGFOUDINGWEIYU。

  LI 16:Neither plan is practicable. LIANGGEFANGANDOUXINGBUTONG。(RUGUOYICHENG“LIANGGEFANGANZHONGMEIYOUYIGEXINGDETONG”XIANDEBUGOUJIANLIAN。)LI 17: None of your commodities can meet ourdemand. NIMENDESHANGPINDOUBUNENGFUHEWOMENDEYAOQIU。(BI“MEIYOUNIMENDESHANGPINDOUNENGFUHEWOMENDEYAOQIU”GENGTONGSHUN。)2.5 QITACHANGJIANDEFOUDINGBIAODA2.5.1 too … to (do); too … for,YIWEI“TAI……,ERBUNENG……”

  LI 18: The warehouse is too small to hold somany goods. CANGKUTAIXIAO,RONGNABULEZHEIMEDUOHUOWU。

  2.5.2 the last +MINGCI +DONGCIDINGSHI/DINGYUCONGJU,YIWEI“ZUIBUDAKENENG,JISHAOKENENG,ZUIBUHESHIDE”。

  LI 19: It was Tom,her old customer—the lastperson she would have expected to meet at

  the fair.

  NEISHITANGMU,TADELAOKEHU---SHITAZUIMEIXIANGDAOZAIJIAOYIHUISHANGYUDAODEREN。

  2.5.3 other than …, otherwise than …, YIWEI“BUTONGYU”

  LI 20:The truth is quite other than what youthink. SHISHIZHENXIANGGENNIXIANGDEWANQUANBUYIYANG。

  2.5.4 BIJIAOJI + than + DONGCIBUDINGSHISHUYUGUDINGDAPEI,KEYIYIWEI“YINGGAI……,BUHUI……”HUOZHE“BUZHIYU……”

  LI 21:We might say that you should be moreexperienced than to do such a crazy thing. WOMENKEYISHUONIFANGHENYOUJINGYAN,BUZHIYUZUOZHEIYANGHUANGTANGDESHIQING。

  2.5.5 It is a +adj +n +that +FOUDINGJU,SHIXIYUZHONGCHANGCHUXIANDEJUXING,YINGLIJIEWEI even if +adj +KENDINGJU,“JISHIZAI……DE,YEHUI……”CIJUXINGYOUBIEYUQIANGDIAOJUXING。CHANGYONGYUSHANGWUHUIYIHESHANGWUTANPAN。

  LI 22: It is an ill wind that blows nobody good.

  SHIQINGYOUDEBIYOUSHI。(ZHIYI:SHIRENRENZAOYANGDEFENGCAISHIEFENG)LI 23: It is a good horse that never stumbles.

  RENYOUSHISHOU,MAYOUSHITI。(ZHIYI:JISHIZAIHAODEMA,YEYOUBANDAODESHIHOU)2.5.6 FOUDINGCI+BIJIAOJI,ZHEIZHONGGUDINGDAPEIBAOHANZHEZUIGAOJIDEHANYI。

  LI 24: Iam afraid we can’t offer a higherprice than this.KONGPAZHEISHIWOMENDEZUIGAOBAOJIALA.(ZHIYI:

  KONGPAWOMENBUNENGCHUBIZHEIZAIGAOYIDIANDEBAOJIA)LI 25: We may say you can’t find goods withbetter quality than ours on the current market. WOMENKEYISHUOWOMENHUOWUDEZHILIANGSHIMUQIANSHICHANGSHANGZUIHAODE。

  2.5.7 cannot…too ZHILEIDEJUZIKEYIWEI“WULUNZENMEZUOYEBUGUOFEN”,HUOZHEZHIJIEYIWEI“YUE…YUE… ”

  LI 26: We cannot be too careful when signing suchan important contact.QIANRUCIZHONGYAODEHETONGWOMENYUEXIXINYUEHAO。(ZHIYI:ZENMEXIAOXINYEBUGUOFEN)LI 27 You cannot pay too much attention to yourmanners in our negotiation.ZAIWOMENDEZHEICITANPANZHONG,NIFANGYINGGAIJINLIANGZHUYILIMAO。(ZHIYI:ZENMEZHUYILIMAOYEBUGUOFEN)2.5.8 FOUDINGDEYIYIHAIJINGCHANGHUIYIDANCIHUODUANYUDEXINGSHICHUXIANZAIKENDINGDEJUZIZHONG,JIXINGSHISHIKENDINGDE,DANYIYIQUESHIFOUDINGDE。ZAIXINGSHISHANGKANBUCHUYOUFOUDINGYIYIDEJIXIANG,DANSHIJISHANGTAMENQUEBIAODAFOUDINGDEYIYI,SHENZHISHIQIANGLIEDEFOUDINGYIYI,YICHENGHANYU,YAOYONG“BU”、“FEI”、“WU”、“WU”DENGZIYAN。ZHEIZHONGYUFOUDINGYIYIYUKENDINGXINGSHIDEDANCIHUODUANYUYOU:fail; avoid; refuse;prevent ;blind to; keep off; free from; ignorant of;absent from; far from; lose sight of; turn a deafear to;LI 28: Keep your hands off the exhibits! WUYONGSHOUCHUMOZHANPIN!

  LI 29: The seller must deliver goods which arefree from any right or claim of a third party basedon industrial property. MAIFANGSUOJIAOZHIHUOWUBIXUSHIDISANFANGBUNENGGENJUGONGYESHENGCHANQUANXIANGYOURENHEQUANLIHUOTICHURENHEYAOQIUDEHUOWU。

  SAN、JIESHUYU

  SHANGWUYINGYULIDEFOUDINGJUSHIJINGUANZAISHIYONGSHANGMEIYOUKENDINGJUPINFAN,DANSHIZAILIJIESHANGQUEGENGJIAKUNNAN。YINCI,DUIYUSHANGWUYINGYUXUEXIZHELAISHUO,BIXUSHULIANZHANGWOFOUDINGDEDUOZHONGBIAODAFANGSHIHEYUYONGTEDIAN,YIBIANZAIFANYISHANGWUYINGYUZHONGJUYOUFOUDINGYIYIDEJUZISHI,NENGGOUZHUNQUEWUWUDIYONGDIDAODEHANYUBAFOUDINGDEYISIBIAODACHULAI。

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