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当前位置:中华考试网 >> 社会工作者 >> 复习指导 >> 中级社会工作综合能力 >> 2021年社会工作者中级综合能力第一章

2021年社会工作者中级综合能力第一章第一节

来源:中华考试网   2020-11-11   【

  第一章社会工作的内涵、原则及主要领域

  第一节社会工作的含义、 目标与功能

  QIANYANKUOCHONG:SHEHUIGONGZUOSHIYI-ZHONGYINGDUISHEHUIWENTIDEZHIDUHUADEFANGFA。WOGUOZHENGCHUYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEJINCHENGZHIZHONG。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGZHICHU:“ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAI,WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUQIUHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。”ZAIZHEIZHONGHONGGUANBEIJINGXIA,JIJIGAISHANMINSHENG,JIAQIANGHECHUANGXINSHEHUIZHILIYIJINGCHENGWEIXINSHIDAISHEHUIJIANSHEDEPOQIERENWU,YESHISHEHUIJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。

  知识点一社会工作的含义

  SHEHUIGONGZUOSHIYILITAZHUYIJIAZHIGUANWEIZHIDAO,YIKEXUEDEZHISHIWEIJICHU,YUNYONGKEXUEFANGFAZHURENDEZHIYEHUADEFUWUHUODONG。

  QIYI,SHEHUIGONGZUOSHIYIBANGZHUTAREN(FUWUDUIXIANG)WEIMUDEDEHUODONG;

  QIER,SHEHUIGONGZUOSHIYIKEXUEZHISHIWEIJICHUDEHUODONG;

  QISAN,SHEHUIGONGZUOSHIKEXUEDEZHURENFANGFA;

  QISI,SHEHUIGONGZUOSHIZHIYEHUADEZHURENFUWUHUODONG。

  我国对社会工作的理解:

  PUTONGSHEHUIGONGZUO:SHIRENMENZAIBENZHIGONGZUOZHIWAICHENGDANDE,BUJIBAOCHOUDESIXIANGZHENGZHIJIAOYUXINGHUOGONGYIFUWUXINGDEHUODONG。XINGZHENGXINGSHEHUIGONGZUO:ZAIZHENGFUBU]HEQUNZHONGTUANTIZHONGZHUANMENCONGSHIZHIGONGFULI、SHEHUIJIUZHU、SIXIANGGONGZUODENGLEIXINGDEZHURENHUODONG。

  ZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUO:SHIYOUSHOUGUOSHEHUIGONGZUOZHUANYEXUNLIANDERENZHANKAIDEZHURENHUODONG。

  ZONGHEDINGYI:SHEHUIGONGZUOSHISHEHUIJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,TASHIYIZHONGTIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHILINIAN,ZUNXUNZHUANYELUNLIGUIFAN,JIANCHI“ZHURENZIZHU”ZONGZHI,ZAISHEHUIFUWU、SHEHUIGUANLILINGYUZONGHEYUNYONGZHUANYEZHISHI、JINENGHEFANGFA,BANGZHUYOUXUYAODEGEREN、JIATING、QUNTI、ZUZHIHESHEQU,ZHENGHESHEHUIZIYUAN,XIEDIAOSHEHUIGUANXI,YUFANGHEJIEJUESHEHUIWENTI,HUIFUHEFAZHANSHEHUIGONGNENG,CUJINSHEHUIHEXIEDEZHIYEHUODONG。

  例题

  XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIDANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGZHICHU,“ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAI”。LIKEQIANGZONGLIZAI201 8NIAN《ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO》ZHONGZHICHU:“DAZAOGONGJIANGONGZHIGONGXIANGSHE HUIZHILIGEJU。...CUJINSHEHUIZUZHI、ZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUO、ZHIYUANFUWUJIANKANGFAZHAN。”ZHEIYIWEIZHE,WOGUOZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUOJIANGZAIXINSHIDAIHUODEGENGDAFAZHAN。GUANYUZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUODESHUOFA,ZHENGQUEDESHI()。

  A.JINGJIZENGZHANGSHIZHUANYESHEHUIIZUOFAZHANDEMUBIAO

  B.SHEHUIHEXIESHIZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUOFAZHANDEQIANTI

  C.ZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUOZAISHEHUIZHILIZHONGFAHUIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG

  D.ZHUANYESHEHUIGONGZUODEZHUYAOZHINENGSHIWEIHUSHEHUIANQUAN

  [CHIAN]C

  [JIEXI]SHEHUIGONGZUOZHUYAOZAISHEHUIXIANGGUANLINGYUFAHUIZUOYONGBXUANXIANGSHUOFAYOUWU。

  知识点二社会工作的目标

  (一)服务对象层面(强调具体的服务对象)

  1.JIEJIUWEINAN:JIDUPINKUN、JINGSHENBENGKUI、ZISHAQINGXIANGHEXIDUCHENGYIN

  2.HUANJIEKUNNAN:WANGLUOCHENGYINQINGSHAONIAN、DANQINJIATING、JIUYEKUNNAN、TUIXIULAORENSHENGHUOSHIYING

  3.JIFAQIANNENG:ZIJIMIANDUIKUNNAN

  4.CUJINFAZHAN:GENGHAODIFAHUIGONGNENG,DUIYINGCHENGZHANG

  (二)社会层面(强调客观的社会状态)

  1JIEJUESHEHUIWENTI

  JIEJUEYUSHEHUIYINSUYOUGUANDEWENTI,SHEHUIZIYUANFENPEI、SHEHUIZHIDUBUJIANQUAN

  2.CUJINSHEHUIGONGZHENG

  DUOFANGMIANJIERUSHEHUISHENGHUO,DUIBUGONGZHENGXIANXIANGJINXINGGANYU

  (三) 文化层面 (强调价值观、精神等主观方面)

  1.HONGYANGRENDAOZHUYI

  YIRENWEIBEN、BUWEISILI、GUANHUAIHUZHU、FUZHURUOXIAO

  2.CUJINSHEHUITUANJIE

  BIANYUANQUNTIHUIGUIZHULIUSHEHUI、FAZHANSHEHUIZHICHIWANGLUO、CUJINSHEHUISHENGHUOGONGTONGTI

  例题

  MOUSHEHUIGONGZUOFUWUJIGOUTONGGUOSHISHI"QINGSHAONIANKANGNILIJIAOYUJIHUA"CAIYONGTIYANSHIJIAOXUEFANGSHI,JIANG"KANGNILI”LINIANYINRUXUEXIAO,ZENGJINLEXIAOXUESHENGZHIJIANDEHUDONG,PEIYANGXIAOXUESHENGMIANDUICUOZHEDERENXING。GAIJIHUATIXIANLESHEHUIGONGZUOZAIFUWUDUIXIANGCENGMIANSHANGDEMUBIAOSHI()

  A.CUJINSHEHUIGONGZHENG

  B.JIFAGERENQIANNENG

  C.TUIDONGSHEHUITUANJIE

  D.WEIHUGERENZUNYAN

  [DAAN] B

  [JIEXI]FUWUDUIXIANGCENGMIAN,PAICHUAC, DBUSHUYUMUBIAO

  知识点三社会工作的功能

  KUOCHONGQIANYAN:GEJIMINZHENGBUMENYAOJIAQIANGDANGDEJIANSHE,JIANCHIGAIGECHUANGXIN,JUJIAOTUOPINGONGJIAN,JUJIAOTESHUQUNTI,JUJIAOQUNZHONGGUANQIE,GENGHAOLVXINGJIBENMINSHENGBAOZHANG、JICENGSHEHUIZHILI、JIBENSHEHUIFUWUDENGZHIZE。ZHEIYESHIDUIWOGUOSHEHUIGONGZUOTICHUDEXINYAOQIU....

  (一)对服务对象的功能

  1.CUJINFUWUDUIXIANGDEZHENGCHANGSHENGHUO(KUNJING-ZHENGCHANG)

  2.HUIFURUOHUADEGONGNENG(SHUAITUIHUIFU)

  3.CUJINRENDEFAZHAN(FAHUIQIANNENG)

  4.CUJINRENYUSHEHUIHUANJINGXIANGHUSHIYING(RENZAIHUANJINGZHONG,RENYUSHEHUIHUANJINGXIANGHUXIEDIAOSHIYING)

  (二)对社会的功能

  1.WEICHISHEHUIZHIXU

  TONGGUOHUAJIEMAODUN、JIEJUEWENTIDADAOWEICHIZHIXUDEMUDE,QUBIEYUXINGZHENGGUANLI(YUNYONGQUANLI,ZISHANGERXIA)

  2JIANGOUSHEHUIZIBEN

  SHEHUIGUANXIWANGLUOZHONGDEXIANGHUXINREN、XINXIGOUTONGDENG,WUXINGZIBEN。

  3.CUJINSHEHUIHEXIE

  HUAJIEMAODUN,SHIXIANSHEHUIHEXIE

  4.TUIDONGSHEHUIJINBU

  TONGGUOJIEJUEKUNNANQUNTIDEWENTIYOULIDICUJINSHEHUIJINBUMOWEIXINZENG:SHEHUIGONGZUOKEYIFAHUICUJINJINGJIFAZHAN、ZHENGZHICANYU、WENMINGJIANSHEHESHEHUIHEXIEDEGONGNENGXUZHUYIJUTIDEZUOFA

  例题

  XIALIESHEHUIGONGZUOZHIJIEFUWUZHONG,TIXIANWEICHISHEHUIZHIXUGONGNENGDESHI(  )。

  A.WEIMOUSHIDULAORENTIGONGSHANGJSONGCANFUWU

  B.WEIMOUQIYEYUANITIGONGZHIYESHENGYAFUDAO

  C.WEIMOUWAILAIWUGONGRENYUANZINVTIGONGKEWAIFUDAO

  D.WEIMOUDISHEQUSHIYEQINGNIANTIGONGSHIHEDEZHIYEPEIXUN

  [DAAN] D

  [JIEXI]TONGGUOJIEJUESHEHUIWENTILAISHIXIANSHEHUIWENDING

模拟考场

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